The Canadian Citizenship Test is administered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. One of the requirements to become a Canadian citizen is to take and pass this test.  The test is designed to measure your general knowledge about Canada and the ways of living in Canada.

To be eligible for the Canadian citizen you must fit some criteria established by Citizenship and Immigration Canada, but the process to register and apply for the test is simple and straight forward.

If you are planning on taking the Canadian Citizenship test, you will also need to take the CELPIP test.

About the Test 

The Canadian citizenship test can be taken written or oral, this decision is made by the office and it will depend on several circumstances. It can be administered in English or French, the two official languages in Canada. The test has 60 multiple-choice questions on the following topics:

  • Canadian history
  • Canadian Values
  • Canadian institutions and values
  • Canadian symbols
  • Canadian citizen rights
  • Canadian citizen responsibilities
  • Concepts of democracy, society, monarchy, political system and branches of government
  • Physical and political geography
  • Social and cultural history
  • Political and military history

On the day of the test, you must take the documentation you submit with your application, only original documentation is accepted. Also you must take the ID and travel documents you have used for the past 5 years.

Try our Citizenship Practice Test PDF


To be eligible for the Canadian citizenship test you must meet the following conditions:

  • Be 18 years old or older
  • Have the status of permanent resident
  • Have been living in Canada for 1,095 days in the past four years
  • Be able to speak one of the two official languages (English and French)
  • You cannot be currently charged with a criminal offense
  • To have knowledge of Canada and Canadian history

Here is what’s on the Canadian citizenship test

Common mistakes on the Canadian citizenship test:

  1. Not studying enough: One of the biggest mistakes is not studying enough.  Study materials provided by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and practice with sample tests to prepare adequately for the test.
  2. Not understanding the question: Some questions may be worded in a way that is difficult to understand. Read the question carefully and make sure you understand what is being asked before answering.  Complete Guide to Test Preparation
  3. Guessing: Some applicants may guess the answer to a question if they are unsure. However, guessing can lead to incorrect answers and potentially failing the test. There is no penalty for incorrect answers so guessing MAY be a good strategy – but only if you are ‘reasonably’ sure of the answer and fairly confident.
  4. Not memorizing important details  You will be asked  important dates, figures, and facts about Canada. It is important to memorize these details.  How to Memorize  Using Mnemonics
  5. Overthinking Try not to overthink the question and give complicated answers. Answer the questions concisely and accurately.
  6. Not reading the study guide: The study guide provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada has everything you need to know.  Not reading the guide thoroughly will probably result in failing the test.  What to do if you fail a test.
  7. Rushing through the test It may be tempting to rush through the test to finish quickly. Take your time and read each question carefully.
    After you have completed all the questions, review your answers.  Do not leave the test room early!

Common Mistakes on the Canadian Citizenship Test

How to register

The registration can be done online, through the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website. There you will be given an application package, including an instruction guide, the forms you need to fill out, a list of the documentation required, and a documentation checklist, to help you keep the process organized.

Fill out the application and gather every document you will need, like forms, personal documents (originals and copies), postal codes for Canadian and overseas addresses and fee payment.

The next step is to pay the required fees. For adults the processing fee is $530 and right of citizenship fee is $100, for an adopted adult the processing fee is $530 and right of citizenship fee is $100, adopted minors pay a processing fee ($100), and stateless adult born to Canadian parent the only fee to pay is the right of citizenship fee, which is $100.

The only payment method accepted is online payment, and there are no refunds if the process failed for any reason.

After the payment, you must submit your application by sending your completed application form, together with the documents required on the checklist. You can send it via mail or courier.

If there’s anything out of order with your application, it will be sent back to you, with the errors highlighted.

If the application is accepted by the office of Citizenship and Immigration Canada you will get a notice with the time and date of your test.

You can request a change of date if the one assigned to you is not convenient. To change the date, email or write to the office that sent the notice, explaining why you are not available on that date.

Canadian Citizenship FAQ

The Canadian Citizenship Test is organized and administered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for all individuals applying to be citizens of Canada. The citizenship test is available in French, English and other official Canadian languages.
Candidates wishing to take this test must be between 28 and 54 years of age. They also must have met all the requirements to qualify for citizenship as stipulated by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
The test contains 20 multiple choice questions and is timed for 30 minutes. For more information on the test see here.
Candidates must answer 15 of the 20 questions correctly, which is a minimum score of 75% to pass the test.
The 20 test questions are taken from a pool of 200 prepared questions. The test would include questions based on: The rights and responsibilities of a Canadian citizen Canadian history Canadian political systems Canadian physical and political geography Questions about the applicant
Candidates who pass the test are invited to attend a citizenship ceremony within six months, or may be required to fill a residency questionnaire to provide additional evidence of residing in Canada.
Candidates who fail the test must wait three months before retaking the test. If they fail the test the second time, they are scheduled to meet a citizenship judge. The judge asks 20 questions and access if the candidate was able to correctly answer at least 15 questions.
Your citizenship applications may close if you fail to contact the handling office within 30 days after missing the test. If the reason for missing the test is valid, the head office will send you a new date with prior notice.
The Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program or CELPIP is used to demonstrate your language skills in Canada.
To pass the Canadian Citizenship test, you need to score a minimum of 75% or answer 15 questions correctly out of the twenty asked.
No you must take it at a test center.
Applicants have three chances; if you fail the test for the first time, you must wait at least 30 days. If you fail on your second test, you'll have to wait 180 days before applying for the third and final test. A Canadian citizenship test is compulsory for every applicant who wants to be a Canadian citizen.


If you take the written test the results are given right after you take test, if you did the interview version, the results and report score will be sent to you by mail.

If you passed, you will be notified at once and you will receive further instructions regarding your citizenship process. If you didn’t pass, the first time a second test will be scheduled immediately.

Get help with the Test 

For answers to common questions concerning citizenship, your application and more, visit Citizenship and Immigration Canada online help

Un-official Citizenship practice questions here

Retaking the test

You will be allowed to take the test for a second time only if you meet the other requirements for citizenship. The second test will be schedule at once.

If you don’t pass the second test you will be notified and required to assist an interview with a citizenship officer. This interview can last up to 90 minutes and can be in person or by videoconference.

This interview is a great opportunity, because it gives you the chance to show that you didn’t pass because you were nervous, or some other reason, and display your knowledge of Canada and your domain of the language.

After the test

If you pass your Canadian citizenship test the office will give you the date and time of your citizenship ceremony. This will be provided at the same time you receive the test results, right after the test, or by email, or letter.

The ceremony usually takes place within three months after your test.  At the ceremony, you will take the Oath of Citizenship and receive your citizenship certificate.

Get ready for your Canadian Citizenship Test!

To become a citizen, you must understand the rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship, such as voting in elections and obeying the law. You must also show you understand Canada’s,

  • History
  • Values
  • Institutions
  • Government
  • Symbols

Citizenship Test Practice Questions!

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