Canadian History Practice Questions

John A MacDonald


1. Who initiated the Royal Proclamation of 1763?

a. Queen Victoria
b. King George III
c. King George IV
d. The Government of United Kingdom

2. Who are the descendants of 17th and 18th century French settlers?

a. The Québécois
b. The Acadians
c. The Ontarians
d. The seafarers

3. What are the descendants of 17th and 18th century French settlers known as?

a. People of European descent
b. The Québécois
c. the Acadians
d. the Ontarians

4. Early in Canadian history, what happened when different tribes came into contact with each other?

a. Increase in conflict
b. Growing resources
c. Declining resources
d. Growing communities

5. Who were the first Europeans to land on Canadian shores?

a. The Aboriginals
b. The Vikings
c. The seafarers
d. European Explorers

6. Where did the Vikings land?

a. Labrador and Newfoundland
b. Greenland and Newfoundland
c. Labrador and Greenland
d. None of the above

7. Who was the first to map Canada’s Eastern shore?

a. John Cabot
b. Jacques Cartier
c. Both A & B
d. None of the above

8. What is the origin of the name “Canada?”

a. From the name of the person who founded the country
b. From the Iroquoi word “kanata”
c. From the name of the Explorer
d. From the name of the persons who first set foot in

9. Who did King Charles II give exclusive trading rights to?

a. Hudson’s Bay Trading Company
b. Trading companies in Montreal
c. Trading companies on the East coast
d. Trading companies owned by the English

10. What year was the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?

a. 1759
b. 1750
c. 1859
d. 1810

11. Who passed the Quebec Act?

a. The Canadian Government
b. The British government
c. The French government
d. French Catholics

12. What year did the British Colonies in Quebec gain independence?

a. 1761
b. 1776
c. 1767
d. 1677

13. Which group moved north, away from the ongoing conflict in Quebec?

a. Different tribes
b. Black Loyalists
c. New group of loyalists
d. Tribes who migrated from other countries

14. What was the name of the West African colony for freed slaves?

a. Freetown
b. Freedom Town
c. Freecity
d. Freed Town

15. In which year were the first elections held in Prince Edward Island?

a. 1373
b. 1377
c. 1737
d. 1773

More Canadian Practice Questions

Canadian History (GED Format) – 7 questions
Canadian History  – 15 questions
Canadian Government – 11 questions

Answer Key

1. B
King George III initiated the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which guaranteed property rights to native settlers.

2. A
The Acadians and the Québécois, are descendants of the early French settlers of Canada.

3. B
The Québécois are the descendants of 17th and 18th century French settlers, known for their own distinctive identity and culture.

4. A
As they sought more and more resources for growing populations, war also became common as tribes came into contact with each other.

5. B
Vikings were the first Europeans to land on Canadian shores.

6. A
Vikings first landed in Labrador and Newfoundland.

7. A
John Cabot was the first to map Canada’s Eastern shore.

8. B
Iroquoi word kanata is believed to be the origin of the word Canada.

9. A
King Charles the II of England gave the Hudson’s Bay Trading Company exclusive trading rights in 1670.

10. A
The Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Québec city was fought in 1859.

11. B
The British passed the Quebec Act in 1774 to accommodate the majority French population in Quebec.

12. B
In 1776, the 13 British colonies to the south of Quebec declared independence from the British.

13. B
3,000 black Loyalists also moved north, in search of a better life away from the ongoing conflict.

14. A
Black Loyalists, former slaves, went on to found Freetown, Sierra Leone, a West African colony for freed slaves.

15. D
Other similar elections took place shortly thereafter, including Prince Edward Island (1773).

Important Events in Canadian History

Important Events to know – (not a complete list)

  1. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759, which marked the British victory over France and the start of British rule in Canada
  2. The signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which marked the end of the French and Indian War and the start of British rule over Canada
  3. Confederation and the formation of Canada in 1867
  4. The signing of the Treaty of Numbered Treaties between 1871 and 1921, which established the rights of Canada’s Indigenous peoples
  5. The Battle of Vimy Ridge in World War I, 1917
  6. The adoption of the Canadian flag in 1965
  7. The October Crisis of 1970, where a separatist group kidnapped British diplomat and Quebec cabinet ministers
  8. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms being adopted in 1982
  9. The Canada Act of 1982, which repatriated Canada’s constitution from British control
Written by,

Date Published: Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014
Date Modified: Friday, March 29th, 2024


  1. Ellen
    September 5, 2022

    This really helped my preparation for the exam. I feel much more prepared for the actual test!

  2. Rob
    December 7, 2022

    Are these the same as the citizenship test?

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